Carta Nautica 1111pdf
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What is Carta Nautica 1111pdf and how to use it
Carta Nautica 1111pdf is a document that contains symbols, abbreviations and terms used in nautical charts. It is based on the international standard INT 1, which allows sailors to understand the information on charts from different hydrographic services. Carta Nautica 1111pdf is published by the Istituto Idrografico della Marina (IIM), the Italian hydrographic service[^2^].
To use Carta Nautica 1111pdf, you need to download it from the IIM website or buy it from an authorized dealer. You can also find it as a collection on OpenSea, a platform for digital art and collectibles[^3^]. You can view it online or print it out for your convenience. You should consult Carta Nautica 1111pdf whenever you need to interpret the symbols, abbreviations and terms on a nautical chart. For example, you can learn what different types of buoys, lights, depths, currents, hazards and landmarks mean. You can also find out how to measure distances, bearings and positions on a chart.
Carta Nautica 1111pdf is an essential tool for navigation and safety at sea. It helps you to plan your route, avoid dangers and follow the rules of the road. It also helps you to communicate with other sailors and authorities using a common language. If you want to obtain a nautical license in Italy, you will need to study Carta Nautica 1111pdf and practice with nautical charts and instruments[^3^].
Carta Nautica 1111pdf is divided into several sections, each covering a different aspect of nautical charting. The first section explains the general principles and conventions of nautical charts, such as scale, projection, datum, grid and chart number. The second section lists the symbols and abbreviations for natural and artificial features on land and sea, such as coastlines, islands, ports, buildings, bridges, cables, pipelines and wrecks. The third section covers the symbols and abbreviations for navigational aids and services, such as buoys, beacons, lights, fog signals, radio stations and traffic separation schemes. The fourth section deals with the symbols and abbreviations for hydrographic and meteorological data, such as depths, soundings, contours, tides, currents, waves and wind. The fifth section describes the symbols and abbreviations for special areas and activities, such as anchorage areas, fishing areas, marine reserves, military areas and submarine cables. The sixth section provides some examples of how to use Carta Nautica 1111pdf in conjunction with nautical charts.
Carta Nautica 1111pdf is updated periodically by the IIM to reflect the changes in nautical charting standards and practices. The latest edition of Carta Nautica 1111pdf was published in 2012. You can check the IIM website or the Avvisi ai Naviganti (Notices to Mariners) for any corrections or amendments to Carta Nautica 1111pdf. You should always use the most recent version of Carta Nautica 1111pdf and keep your nautical charts up to date. a474f39169